Schlagwort-Archive: Africa

IS-Terroristen im Sudan?

Im Sudan gab es schwere Gefechte zwischen Sicherheitskräften und angeblichen IS-Dschihadisten. Dass die Terrororganisation auch in dem ostafrikanischen Land aktiv ist, war bislang nicht bekannt. Anfang des Jahres wollte jedoch auch ein Islamist aus Deutschland offenbar dorthin ausreisen. 

Von Florian Flade

Ein heftiges Feuergefecht soll es gegeben haben. Am Montag, im Stadtteil Jabra der sudanesischen Hauptstadt Khartoum. Maschinengewehre, Panzerfäuste und Handgranaten kamen dabei offenbar zum Einsatz. Sudanesische Sicherheitskräfte sollen eine Anti-Terror-Operation gegen Dschihadisten durchgeführt haben. Vier Terrorverdächtige sollen dabei getötet worden sein, ebenso ein sudanesischer Soldat. Weitere vier mutmaßliche Terroristen wurden nach Angaben lokaler Medien festgenommen. Es soll sich um eine Zelle der Terrororganisation Islamischer Staat (IS) handeln.

Erst in der vergangenen Woche kamen bei einer Operation des sudanesischen Geheimdienstes in derselben Gegend fünf Angehörige der Sicherheitsbehörden ums Leben, sieben weitere wurden verletzt. Auch bei diesen Schusswechseln sollen IS-Anhänger beteiligt gewesen sein. Sudanesische Behörden melden außerdem die Festnahme von mehreren „ausländischen Elementen“, die zu der Terrorzelle gehört haben sollen.

Die Terrorgruppe IS beherrschte einst große Teile Nordsyriens und des Irak. Zudem entstanden Ableger, sogenannte Provinzen oder Verwaltungsgebiete, in anderen Regionen der Welt. Unter anderem in Afghanistan, Somalia, Philippinen, der ägyptischen Sinai-Halbinsel und Westafrika. Auch in Zentralafrika, vor allem im Kongo, und in Mosambique sind die Dschihadisten aktiv. Dass allerdings auch im Sudan ein IS-Struktur existiert, war bislang nicht bekannt.

Die Propagandaplattformen des IS veröffentlichen regelmäßig Bekennerschreiben, Fotos und Videos aus den noch verbliebenen Provinzen des Terrorkalifats. Aus dem Sudan, der in den 1990er Jahren als beliebter Rückzugsort für dschihadistische Gruppierungen galt, gab es solche offizielle Propaganda noch nicht.

Der Fall eines Terrorverdächtigen aus Deutschland aber lieferte vor einigen Monaten bereits Hinweise darauf, dass im Sudan möglicherweise tatsächlich terroristische Zellen existieren, die mit dem Islamischen Staat (IS) verbunden sind.

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Boko Haram Leader Vows More Attacks On Christians

by Florian Flade

Imam Abu Bakr Shekau – Boko Haram leader vows more attacks on Nigerian Christians

In 2009 international media for the first time reported about a ominous Islamist group operating in Nigeria – Boko Haram. The group whose name is translated from the Northern Nigerian Hausa language into „Western Eduction is forbidden“ carried out a series of attacks, killing dozens of policemen in Christian-dominated regions of Nigeria´s north.

As a result Nigerian security forces took revenge on the Islamists of Boko Haram killing hundreds of the group´s members in and around the city of Maiduguri. Boko Harams leader and founder, Mohammed Yusuf, was captured by security forces. Yusuf had created the Islamist movement in 2002 starting with a network of mosques and Islamic schools to spread Salafi Islam in Nigeria.

Nigerian security forces claimed Mohammed Yusuf was killed during his arrest. Video footage which emerged several days after the raid on Boko Haram showed Mohammed Yusuf alive in custody being interrogated. He was shot dead by Nigerian soldiers and policemen, his body was also seen in videos released later.

While Nigeria´s government declared Boko Haram to be finished the movement re-grouped and emerged even more dangerous than previously. Hundreds of Boko Haram members were freed from prison by a large group of Islamists in 2011. Since then dozens of attacks – including suicide bombings – have been carried out by Boko Haram against Christians, Nigerian police and military targets.

U.S. intelligence officials are warning of a emerging threat posed to Western interests by Boko Haram. The group has been labeled a terrorist group which might seek to establish close ties with Al-Qaida and its African branches in the Maghreb and in Somalia.

In fact there are unconfirmed reports of Boko Haram members being trained as terrorists in Somalia by the Islamist organization Al-Shabaab. Other reports claim foreign terrorists are establishing training camps in Nigeria, importing bomb-building know-how and ideology to the Nigerian Muslim communities.

A few days ago a video message by a Boko Haram leader to the Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan was posted on Youtube. The man seen in the video was thought to be dead, killed in the 2009-crackdown on Boko Haram – the group´s spiritual leader Imam Abu Bakr Shekau.

„All these things you have been seeing happening, it is Allah who has been doing it because you refuse to believe in him and you misuse his religion, Jonathan“, the Islamist leader says vowing the Boko Haram would never be defeated by Nigeria´s security forces.

„Christians, everyone knows what they have done to us and the Muslims (…)“, Shekau further stated, „We decided to attack them and defend us, because we are on the right path (…) Everyone knows how our leader (Muhammad Yusuf) was killed and everyone knows how Muslims were killed.“

Abu Bakr Shekau promises more attacks on Christians in Nigeria, highlighting why the situation in Nigeria has come to this point in his opinion: „The disaster is caused by disbelief, discomfort is disbelief, injustice is disbelief, democracy and the Constitution is disbelief.“

Friends of Gaddafi

George W.Bush, Tony Blair, Silvio Berlusconi, Gordon Brown, Nicolas Sarkozy – they all shared a common friend, someone who had turned from hated, shunned terrorist-supporter to a reformed new ally of the West: Libyan leader Colonel Muammar al-Gaddafi.

Newsweek´s Christopher Dickey wrote in his latest piece „Can Buy Me Love“ about the story of Al-Gaddafi´s relationship with the Western political leaders and how he – despite hostages takings and calls for Jihad against Switzerland – managed to become one of the most celebrated ensnared African leaders, buying new friendships with oil money and promises of fighting al-Qaida and the steady stream of immigrants rushing to the shores of Europe.

Read „Can Buy Me Love“ here