Schlagwort-Archive: jail

Die Wunsch-Liste der Hamas

by Florian Flade

Über 1000 verurteilte palästinensische Terroristen wird Israel für die Rückkehr des entführten Soldaten Gilad Schalit freilassen. Ein Blick auf die Wunsch-Liste der Hamas.

Nael Saleh al-Barghouti aus Ramallah hält einen Rekord. Der Palästinenser ist die Person, die am längsten in Israel inhaftiert sitzt. Israelische Sicherheitskräfte verhafteten den heute 53jährigen Al-Barghouti am 4.April 1978. Er soll als Mitglied einer palästinensischen Terrorgruppe für den Tod von mindestens einem Israeli verantwortlich sein und wurde von einem israelischen Militärgericht zu einer lebenslangen Haftstrafe verurteilt. Seit 33 Jahre sitzt Al-Barghouti nun in Haft, zehn Jahre länger als er in Freiheit verbrachte.

In der kommenden Woche wird Nael al-Barghoutis Gefängniszeit vermutlich zu einem unerwarteten Ende kommen. Er ist einer von 1.027 palästinensischen Häftlingen, die Israel im Gefangenenaustausch mit der radikalislamischen Hamas freilassen wird. Im Gegenzug werden die Islamisten den israelischen Soldaten Gilad Schalit, der seit fünf Jahren von der Hamas als Geisel gehalten wird, an Israel übergeben.

Mühsame Verhandlungen und jahrelange Vermittlungsarbeit durch ägptische und auch deutsche Geheimdienste sorgte schließlich dafür, dass die Führung der Hamas und die israelische Regierung dem Gefangenenaustausch zustimmten.

Die nun aufgetauchte Liste enthält die Namen von 456 Palästinensern, die für Gilad Schalit freikommen sollen. Das arabische Dokument wurde von der Hamas über einen islamistischen Fernsehsender verbreitet und gilt als authentisch. Es enthält alphabetisch geordnet Namen und Herkunftsort der einzelnen Häftlinge.

Neben Nael al-Barghouti finden sich auf der Liste auch die Namen weiterer, teilweise hochrangiger Hamas-Mitglieder, von denen viele zu lebenslangen Haftstrafen aufgrund von Terrorakten verurteilt sind. Hussam Badran aus Nablus beispielsweise war Militärchef der Hamas im Norden des Westjordanlandes. Er soll Drahtzieher des Anschlages auf den Tel Aviver Nachtclub „Dophinarium“ 2001 gewesen sein. Damals starben 21 israelische Jugendliche. Auch ein Anschlag auf das „Park Hotel“ in Netanya und ein Restaurant in Haifa sollen auf das Konto von Badran gehen.

Ebenfalls freigelassen wird wohl auch Yahya Ibrahim Sinwar aus dem Gaza-Streifen. Der Palästinenser, dessen Bruder ein Gründungsmitglied des Militärflügels der Hamas in Gaza ist, soll die Verschleppung von Soldat Schalit mitgeplant haben. Sinwar soll außerdem an der Entführung des israelischen Soldaten Nachshon Wachsman im Oktober 1994 beteiligt gewesen sein. Wachsman war sechs Tage von Hamas-Terroristen als Geisel gehalten worden, bevor er im Zuge eines missglückten Befreiungsversuchs erschossen wurde.

Auf baldige Freilassung hoffe kann auch Abdel Hadi Ghanim, ein Mitglied der Gruppe „Islamischer Dschihad“. Ghanim entführte 1989 einen israelischen Bus zwischen Tel Aviv und Jerusalem und fuhr ihn über eine Klippe. Sechszehn Menschen starben bei diesem Attentat.

Der älteste Terrorist auf der Hamas-Liste ist der 78jährige Palästinenser Sami Yunis.

Yoram Cohen, der Chef des israelischen Inlandsgeheimdienstes Shin Bet, betonte, der Gefangenenaustauschs bedeute nicht, dass die freigelassenen Terroristen nicht weiter verfolgt würden sollten sie erneut terroristisch aktiv werden.

„Ich denke wir werden in der Lage sein mit dieser Bedrohung und potenziellen Gefahr umzugehen“, sagte Cohen bei einer Pressekonferenz, „Statistiken zeigen, dass 60 Prozent (der Häftlinge) wieder zu ihren Terrororganisationen zurückkehren und dass 15-20 Prozent wieder in israelischen Gefängnissen landen.“

Der Geheimdienst-Chef sagte weiter die Freilassung von dreihundert verurteilten Terroristen werde die militärische Stärke der Hamas nicht sonderlich beeinflussen. Im Gaza-Streifen verfüge der bewaffnete Flügel der Palästinenserorganisation ohnehin bereits über 20.000 Mitglieder. Israel müsse allerdings damit rechnen, dass Hamas sich durch den Austausch bestärkt fühle, erneut israelische Soldaten zu entführen.

Unbestätigten Berichten zufolge wird bereits am kommenden Sonntag der erste Teil der palästinensischen Häftlinge von Israel freigelassen. Die Rede ist dabei von 479 Personen, von denen 279 aktuell eine lebenslange Haftstrafe absitzen.

Einige der Terroristen erhalten nach der Freilassung teils strenge Auflagen. Knapp die Hälfte der Häftlinge darf entweder erst nach einer Sperrfrist von 10-25 Jahren oder gar nicht in ihre eigentlichen Heimatregionen zurückkehren. Vierzig Palästinenser müssen in ein Drittland ausreisen, der Rest wird in den Gaza-Streifen gebracht.

In zwei Monaten wird Israel nach der ersten Gruppe von Palästinensern dann weitere 550 Häftlinge freilassen – darunter auch Frauen – und damit den Gefangenenaustausch abschließen. Die Geisel Gilad Schalit soll am kommenden Dienstag freikommen und in Ägypten von der Hamas an Vermittler übergeben werden.

Germany´s „Mrs. Jihad“ a Victim of Torture?

by Florian Flade

When she appeared in the courtroom, Filiz G. seemed to repent and regret some of her activities that led to her arrest in February 2010. The 29-year old German-Turkish woman was charged with providing material and financial support to a terrorist organization. G. had collected money in Germany and transferred it via Turkey to the terrorist group „Deutsche Taliban Mujahideen“ (DTM).

Soon after her arrest it became known that Filiz G., wife of imprisoned Sauerland-Bomber Fritz G., was in fact the main moderator of the German language Ansar al-Jihad Forum – acting under the cover name of „fisebillah“. She had posted thousands of statements, comments and provided download links to propaganda videos as well as translated statements by the DTM. On a daily basis she was online and in steady contact with DTM´s media official, German-born Ahmet M., who was killed in Pakistan in April 2010. M. had made contact with Filiz G. and convinced her to play a key role in spreading propaganda coming from Waziristan.

In March Filiz G. was sentenced to two years and six months in prison by a Berlin court. During the court hearings she acknowledged that her activities were wrong and that she does not believe in violent Jihad anymore. Most of her fans and supporters, some of whom even witnessed the trial in court, are praising G.´s activities, labeling her a „noble Mujahida“ and calling for her release.

A few weeks ago „Mrs.Jihad“ Filiz G. was mentioned in an Arabic language statement posted on the internet by the „Global Islamic Media Front“ (GIMF), a German-Austrian propaganda organization which translated numerous Al-Qaida videos and documents over the past years. GIMF was mainly operated by a 24 year-old Islamist named Mohamed M. aka „Abu Usama al-Gharib“ from Vienna, who was sentenced to four years in prison in 2009 for spreading Jihadi propaganda and producing terror threats himself by appearing in a homemade video.

It was „Abu Usama al-Gharib“ who wrote the GIMF document naming Filiz G. as a victim of torture. According to the author Filiz G. was abused and tortured in prison several times.

„The kuffar presented their real face, they attacked and abused her body“, al-Gharib writes, „they insulted her and her faith (…) the prison administration did not allow her to wear the hijab anymore. She was forced to wear tight jeans and tight shirts.“

Allegedly the German prison guards attacked Filiz G. shortly after court had sent her to jail. The guards pushed her against the wall, touched her body, prisoner „Abu Usama al-Gharib“ states, „with their dirty and filthy hands“.

Even water to wash for the prayer was not given to G., the statement by al-Gharib claims. Filiz G. allegedly wrote in a letter: „If I would tell you what happened to me: your hearts would break into pieces, your bones would depart from your flesh…the pain of their beatings was easier to handle than their insulting, violation of the honor, pride and faith.“

„Abu Usama al-Gharib“ then continues to call the Muslims to the duty of defending their sister Filiz G. against the kuffar attacks. „Where are we?“, he asks, „It is not our sister who is imprisoned, it is us caught in this dunya (worldly presence).“

Meanwhile the statement by al-Gharib has spread in German Jihadi community and was distributed via Facebook and dozens of websites. In the Arabic original statement the imprisoned Austrian Jihadi activist Mohamed M. („Abu Usama“) also calls for attacks against Germany and German politicians. These threats were deleted in the German translation of the document.

Question remains how Mohamed M. was able to obtain the alleged information from Filiz G. and if the two had been in contact prior to their imprisonment. Also noteworthy is the fact that M. is obviously able to get his messages out of his prison cell in Vienna.

Filiz G. distanced herself from the terror threats and accusation against German prison staff. She was never limited in performing prayer or living according to her religion, G.´s lawyer said.

Ayman az-Zawahiri´s Brother Released From Prison

by Florian Flade

Muhammad az-Zawahiri – Brother of Al-Qaida´s No.2

In the mid 1960s, Ayman az-Zawahiri and his younger brother Muhammad once walked home from morning prayers in the Cairo neighborhood of Maadi. A car stopped next to the young boys. It was the car of Hussain al-Shaffay, Egypt´s Vice-President and former judge responsible for the death sentences of numerous Islamists in the 1954 trials. Al-Shaffay offered the Az-Zawahiri brothers to drive them home. The boys rarely had the opportunity to ride in a car. Somehow Ayman az-Zawahiri immediately knew who the man in the car was. He knew about the round-up of Islamists in the 1950s and the regimes´brutal oppression of Islamic opposition.

„We don’t want to get a ride from a man who participated in the courts that killed Muslims“, Zawahiri responded to Al-Shaffay´s offer.

Fifteen years later, Ayman az-Zawahiri became one of the most popular Islamists in the country, a firebrand student and member of the Al-Jihad Group. His younger brother Muhammad also joined the Islamist movement of the 1970s, even rose to the position of the group´s military leader.

Muhammad az-Zawahiri studied architecture. In 1981 he – as well as dozens of other Egyptian Islamists – was indicted in absentia for the assassination of President Anwar Sadat. At that time Muhammad az-Zawahiri worked as an architect in the Holy City of Medina in Saudi-Arabia. His brother Ayman also moved to the Saudi Kingdom in 1985 to work as a doctor in the Ibn al-Nafis Hospital in Jiddah. In addition he began work for an Islamic Relief Organization, traveling to Asia and Europe in order to help building hospitals.

In the early 1990s Muhammad Zawahiri founded a Al-Jihad Cell in the Albanian capital of Tirana before moving with his wife and six children to Yemen. On a trip to Khartoum (Sudan), Muhammad Zawahiri met with his brother Ayman who had then started to work with Arab Mujahidin which had fought the Soviets in Afghanistan.

While Ayman Zawahiri decided to closely ally the Egyptian Al-Jihad with the Arab Mujahidin groups associated with Osama Bin Laden, Muhammad Zawahiri broke off and went back to Yemen, leaving Al-Jihad in 1998.

In July 1998, CIA agents and their Albanian allies stepped in against the Al-Jihad members in Tirana, arresting five Egyptian militants and sending them back to Egypt were they were interrogated and tortured, resulting in a 20,000-pages confession which led to the Egyptian courts to sentence the two Zawahiri brothers to death in absentia.

Muhammad az-Zawahiri, who resided in Yemen, traveled to the United Arab Emirates (UAE) regularly for business. On one of these trips in April 1999, he was arrested and extradited to Egypt. Az-Zawahiri´s wife who contacted the Egyptian embassy in Yemeni capital Sanaa, was told in October 1999 she was allowed to return to Egypt, where her husband was imprisoned.

Years have past without any word about Muhammad az-Zawahiri´s whereabouts. A Egyptian newspaper reported in February 2004, the younger brother of al-Qaida´s No.2 man, was being held at Liman Tora Prison, south of Cairo. Egypt´s Interior Ministry confirmed the report the following month. Allegedly Muhammad az-Zawahiri faced torture and brutal interrogation for years.

Yesterday Jihadi Online Forums announced the release of „Sheikh Muhammad az-Zawahiri“. A video was then posted on several websites apparently showing the 57-year old leaving prison. A security source told the media on Thursday that the release of az-Zawahiri was a decision of the military junta that runs the country since the fall of former President Hosni Mubarak, who ordered the release of 59 detainees, most of them members of opposition groups.